Common Fitness Terms

1RM (One Rep Max): the maximum amount of weight lifted for one repetition

Accessory Lift: lifts that enhance and help increase a main lift

Adaptation: the process whereby muscles become accustomed to repeated bouts of stress

BMR (Basal Metabolic Rate): the amount of energy the body expends just for basic survival

Compound Lift: a multi-joint exercise utilizing multiple muscle groups

Homeostasis: the tendency toward a relatively stable equilibrium between interdependent elements, especially as maintained by physiological processes

Hypertrophy: an increase in size of skeletal muscle by way of growth in size of its cells

Isolation Lift: a single-joint lift utilizing one muscle group

Macros (Macronutrients): protein, carbohydrates, fat

Progressive Overload: the gradual increase of stress placed upon the body during exercise training

TDEE (Total Daily Energy Expenditure): the amount of energy the body expends daily